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A global carbon pricing - Draft Appeal and Policy Briefing

The European Citizens Initiative for a carbon pricing in the European Union: theory and practice.
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VirginiaFiume
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Country: BELGIUM
City: Bruxelles
Organizations: EUMANS, Science for Democracy, Citizens Take Over Europe, ECI Campaign, Lesbiche Bologna

A global carbon pricing - Draft Appeal and Policy Briefing

Post by VirginiaFiume »

This is a draft of a global appeal for carbon pricing drafted by @Andrea salimbeni e @Marco Cappato. It is based on the combination of what was the European Citizens Initiative Stopglobalwarming.eu- A price on carbon to fight climate change and the evolution of the EU debate in light of the Fit for 55 Package.

Feel free to comment and suggest your insights.



A global price on carbon to fight climate change

In the context of COP 26 (UN Climate Change Conference), we ask the United Nations to introduce a global agreement to discourage the consumption of fossil fuels, encourage energy saving and the use of renewable sources for fighting global warming and limiting temperature increase to 1,5°C.

Main objectives
Our proposal introduces a minimum price on CO2 emissions at global level, starting from a minimum of 50€ per CO2 tonne in five years.
At the same time, we - the signatories - we propose to the United Nations to make uniform carbon pricing system based on the existing strategies adopted by UN member states which shall include a border adjustment mechanism on imports from countries which are not applying carbon pricing at the same conditions, in such a way as to compensate for the lower pricing on CO2 emissions in the exporting country. The proposal shall abolish the existing systems of free allowances provided by the existing emission trading systems polluters
The higher revenue deriving from carbon pricing shall be allocated to policies that support energy saving and the use of renewable sources, and to the reduction of taxation on lower incomes.

Policy Briefing

The EU ETS driving global carbon pricing
In 2019, despite a huge emergency was already in place, the perception and awareness about global warming was probably not strong enough to accept that a carbon pricing system was, the sole solution to achieve the sustainable economy transition. Two years ago we asked Europe to set immediately a price to CO2 of minimum 50 €/t, with the request to focus the reallocation of a strong part of the revenues to reduce the tax burdens for citizens.

To date, in 2021, our core message is the same: move taxation from the citizens salaries, to the pollution. The prosperity promised by the liberal economy in the ‘70s seems now to be broken by an economic uncertainty, an increase in poverty and a great climate emergency. The challenge is to change our taxation system, moving taxation from citizens’ salaries to the environmental impact. Many experts, scientists, policy makers, share this position: Carbon pricing is an effective, promising tool to fight global warming and, at the same time, to lower burdensome taxes on workers and businesses. More important: carbon pricing is ready to be implemented. In Europe, where the world largest Carbon Pricing system, the Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) is in place, CO2 price reached about 50 €/t in 2021.

To date, more than 60 carbon tax and emissions trading programs have been introduced at the regional, national, and subnational levels. But time is running, and we can’t keep thinking as Carbon Pricing as a local initiative. Sustainability is not a matter of states, national policy.

Global warming has no borders.
It is for this reason that our pathway goes towards SGW as a global initiative. SGW now wants to contribute to the ETS reform, which should be done with the aim to export the ETS system example at global level.

Stopglobalwarming.eu European Citizens Initiative proposed to the EU commission, in the context of the EU for 55 package to revise the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), introducing a set of key points:
- Reducing the free allowances to sectors like aviation, and transport, covering a higher gradual percentage of EU emissions until achieving 100% of industry emission within 2026.
- Ensuring a stable CO2 price by reforming the Market Stability Reserve to be based not on the number of EU allowances, but on the current CO2 price. In summary, MSR should withdraw allowances when the price goes below 50 €/t
- Reallocating 50% of the CO2 pricing revenues to the EU Social Climate Fund, promoting a real symbiosis between environmental and social sustainability, using Social Climate Fund budget to reduce taxation on lower incomes, therefore in those EU countries with a lower PIL per capita.
- Introducing a boarder tax (carbon boarder adjustment tax) within 2022 for goods imported from non-ETS countries of at least 100 €/t as proposed by many other associations.
- Commit to use the carbon border adjustment tax as a diplomatic instrument to avoid protectionism and to support the establishment of global carbon pricing

These bullet points represent the condition to make ETS a sustainable carbon pricing system which could be adopted as an example for the creation of a Global Carbon pricing system starting from an agreement on a worldwide minimum Carbon price, at least among the countries that are the largest emitters of CO2. We are stringly convinced that this should be a core discussion topic of the next COP 26.
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VirginiaFiume
Posts: 101
Joined: 04 Dec 2020 21:20
Country: BELGIUM
City: Bruxelles
Organizations: EUMANS, Science for Democracy, Citizens Take Over Europe, ECI Campaign, Lesbiche Bologna

Re: A global carbon pricing - Draft Appeal and Policy Briefing

Post by VirginiaFiume »

Meeting notes 21st of October

Marco Cappato
1) Before the 9th of November: we contact the former supporters of the European Initiative to ask for support for the new "global version" so that we can present this
2) Policy Briefing shows how the EU can strengthen the Fit for 55. Here Poland becomes a European actor: we need to involve environmentalists in Poland (and in other member states)

We need to focus on shifting taxes from labour to the enviroment.

On the 9th of November we should ask the European Parliament and European Union to negotiate a global carbon pricing

Andrea Salimbeni
An important argument against this climate policy: carbon pricing is considered (in common discourse) against economic growth.
This is one of the greatest fears against this type of climate policy. This is the mayor problem.
For this reason, it is important to highlight that we are proposing the "fiscal transition".

It is also important to couple our proposals with citizens involvement. This is a message that is too often avoided.

Marco Cappato
We need to refer to the resolution of the European Parliament [Paragraphs: 92 and 99
https://www.europarl.europa.eu/doceo/do ... 21_IT.html
In this way we can avoid that the Nation-states water the proposals down.

The "Social Part" should be very important in Poland ; it is true that there are regions in Europe that depend on fossil fuels. And there might be important social consequences. We have to insist on the point of social measures to make it socially and politically sustainable. It is a huge political gamble.

Lorenzo Mineo
This step we are doing an important step to show how a paneuropean movement can proceed.
This is the place to be

Andrea Salimbeni
EU Social Fund >>>> could collect the revenues of carbon pricing to finance countries in economic difficulties and to reduce economic gap.
Second issue: intensive farming - it might be a good time to retrieve the topic.

Andrea Salimbeni
Maybe we can mention it in our activities - agricultural activities are considered one of of the main sources of renewable resources for the ecological transition. "Carbon Farming" is a crucial initiative of international policies - we mention the possibility of Agro ETS. Mention it in our communication.

Lorenzo Mineo

Intensive Farming can be initially part of carbon pricing discourse and progressively gathered those who involved in the pat

Marco Cappato

COP26 most likely will be a "failure". We need to be very timely and quick in pushing for inserting the issue right after the COP26.
If we read Article 92 of the Resolution of EP: encourage the EP to take the union in promoting carbon pricing as an effective tool for climate policy. Our heaering on 9th November exatly to reinforce this idea. Huge opportunity for political action on that point. On this idea we need to hook all different aspects: carbon floor, intensive farming, social funds and social measures,- all these aspects should be considered essential to reinforce the main idea. Consumpiton of other natural resourecs (circular economy and so on) are linked to this idea of ecological fiscal revolution. See the big picture to cope with all the different very ipr
Coordinator of EUMANS